# MatCreateSBAIJ#

Creates a sparse parallel matrix in symmetric block AIJ format, `MATSBAIJ`

, (block compressed row). For good matrix assembly performance the user should preallocate the matrix storage by setting the parameters d_nz (or d_nnz) and o_nz (or o_nnz). By setting these parameters accurately, performance can be increased by more than a factor of 50.

## Synopsis#

Collective

## Input Parameters#

MPI communicator**comm -**size of block, the blocks are ALWAYS square. One can use**bs -**`MatSetBlockSizes()`

to set a different row and column blocksize but the row blocksize always defines the size of the blocks. The column blocksize sets the blocksize of the vectors obtained with MatCreateVecs()number of local rows (or**m -**`PETSC_DECIDE`

to have calculated if M is given) This value should be the same as the local size used in creating the y vector for the matrix-vector product y = Ax.number of local columns (or**n -**`PETSC_DECIDE`

to have calculated if N is given) This value should be the same as the local size used in creating the x vector for the matrix-vector product y = Ax.number of global rows (or**M -**`PETSC_DETERMINE`

to have calculated if m is given)number of global columns (or**N -**`PETSC_DETERMINE`

to have calculated if n is given)number of block nonzeros per block row in diagonal portion of local submatrix (same for all local rows)**d_nz -**array containing the number of block nonzeros in the various block rows in the upper triangular portion of the in diagonal portion of the local (possibly different for each block block row) or NULL. If you plan to factor the matrix you must leave room for the diagonal entry and set its value even if it is zero.**d_nnz -**number of block nonzeros per block row in the off-diagonal portion of local submatrix (same for all local rows).**o_nz -**array containing the number of nonzeros in the various block rows of the off-diagonal portion of the local submatrix (possibly different for each block row) or NULL.**o_nnz -**

## Output Parameter#

the matrix**A -**

## Options Database Keys#

uses code that does not unroll the loops in the block calculations (much slower)**-mat_no_unroll -**size of the blocks to use**-mat_block_size -**use the parallel matrix data structures even on one processor (defaults to using SeqBAIJ format on one processor)**-mat_mpi -**

It is recommended that one use the `MatCreate()`

, `MatSetType()`

and/or `MatSetFromOptions()`

,
MatXXXXSetPreallocation() paradigm instead of this routine directly.
[MatXXXXSetPreallocation() is, for example, `MatSeqAIJSetPreallocation()`

]

## Notes#

The number of rows and columns must be divisible by blocksize. This matrix type does not support complex Hermitian operation.

The user MUST specify either the local or global matrix dimensions (possibly both).

If` PETSC_DECIDE`

or `PETSC_DETERMINE`

is used for a particular argument on one processor
than it must be used on all processors that share the object for that argument.

If the *_nnz parameter is given then the *_nz parameter is ignored

## Storage Information#

For a square global matrix we define each processor’s diagonal portion to be its local rows and the corresponding columns (a square submatrix); each processor’s off-diagonal portion encompasses the remainder of the local matrix (a rectangular submatrix).

The user can specify preallocated storage for the diagonal part of the local submatrix with either d_nz or d_nnz (not both). Set d_nz=PETSC_DEFAULT and d_nnz=NULL for PETSc to control dynamic memory allocation. Likewise, specify preallocated storage for the off-diagonal part of the local submatrix with o_nz or o_nnz (not both).

Consider a processor that owns rows 3, 4 and 5 of a parallel matrix. In the figure below we depict these three local rows and all columns (0-11).

```
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
--------------------------
row 3 |. . . d d d o o o o o o
row 4 |. . . d d d o o o o o o
row 5 |. . . d d d o o o o o o
--------------------------
```

Thus, any entries in the d locations are stored in the d (diagonal)
submatrix, and any entries in the o locations are stored in the
o (off-diagonal) submatrix. Note that the d matrix is stored in
MatSeqSBAIJ format and the o submatrix in `MATSEQBAIJ`

format.

Now d_nz should indicate the number of block nonzeros per row in the upper triangular plus the diagonal part of the d matrix, and o_nz should indicate the number of block nonzeros per row in the o matrix. In general, for PDE problems in which most nonzeros are near the diagonal, one expects d_nz >> o_nz. For large problems you MUST preallocate memory or you will get TERRIBLE performance; see the users’ manual chapter on matrices.

## See Also#

`MATSBAIJ`

, `MatCreate()`

, `MatCreateSeqSBAIJ()`

, `MatSetValues()`

, `MatCreateBAIJ()`

## Level#

intermediate

## Location#

## Examples#

src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex81.c.html

Index of all Mat routines

Table of Contents for all manual pages

Index of all manual pages