# MatLoad#

Loads a matrix that has been stored in binary/HDF5 format with `MatView()`

. The matrix format is determined from the options database. Generates a parallel MPI matrix if the communicator has more than one processor. The default matrix type is `MATAIJ`

.

## Synopsis#

```
#include "petscmat.h"
PetscErrorCode MatLoad(Mat mat, PetscViewer viewer)
```

Collective

## Input Parameters#

## Options Database Keys#

Used with block matrix formats (`MATSEQBAIJ`

, …) to specify
block size

set block size**-matload_block_size**-

## Notes#

If the `Mat`

type has not yet been given then `MATAIJ`

is used, call `MatSetFromOptions()`

on the
`Mat`

before calling this routine if you wish to set it from the options database.

`MatLoad()`

automatically loads into the options database any options
given in the file filename.info where filename is the name of the file
that was passed to the `PetscViewerBinaryOpen()`

. The options in the info
file will be ignored if you use the -viewer_binary_skip_info option.

If the type or size of mat is not set before a call to `MatLoad()`

, PETSc
sets the default matrix type AIJ and sets the local and global sizes.
If type and/or size is already set, then the same are used.

In parallel, each processor can load a subset of rows (or the entire matrix). This routine is especially useful when a large matrix is stored on disk and only part of it is desired on each processor. For example, a parallel solver may access only some of the rows from each processor. The algorithm used here reads relatively small blocks of data rather than reading the entire matrix and then subsetting it.

Viewer’s `PetscViewerType`

must be either `PETSCVIEWERBINARY`

or `PETSCVIEWERHDF5`

.
Such viewer can be created using `PetscViewerBinaryOpen()`

or `PetscViewerHDF5Open()`

,
or the sequence like

```
`PetscViewer` v;
`PetscViewerCreate`(`PETSC_COMM_WORLD`,&v);
`PetscViewerSetType`(v,`PETSCVIEWERBINARY`);
`PetscViewerSetFromOptions`(v);
`PetscViewerFileSetMode`(v,`FILE_MODE_READ`);
`PetscViewerFileSetName`(v,"datafile");
```

The optional `PetscViewerSetFromOptions()`

call allows overriding `PetscViewerSetType()`

using the option

```
-viewer_type {binary,hdf5}
```

See the example src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex27.c with the first approach, and src/mat/tutorials/ex10.c with the second approach.

## Notes about the PETSc binary format#

In case of `PETSCVIEWERBINARY`

, a native PETSc binary format is used. Each of the blocks
is read onto rank 0 and then shipped to its destination rank, one after another.
Multiple objects, both matrices and vectors, can be stored within the same file.
Their PetscObject name is ignored; they are loaded in the order of their storage.

Most users should not need to know the details of the binary storage
format, since `MatLoad()`

and `MatView()`

completely hide these details.
But for anyone who’s interested, the standard binary matrix storage
format is

```
PetscInt MAT_FILE_CLASSID
```

```
PetscInt number of rows
```

```
PetscInt number of columns
```

```
PetscInt total number of nonzeros
```

```
PetscInt *number nonzeros in each row
```

```
PetscInt *column indices of all nonzeros (starting index is zero)
```

```
PetscScalar *values of all nonzeros
```

PETSc automatically does the byte swapping for
machines that store the bytes reversed, e.g. DEC alpha, freebsd,
Linux, Microsoft Windows and the Intel Paragon; thus if you write your own binary
read/write routines you have to swap the bytes; see `PetscBinaryRead()`

and `PetscBinaryWrite()`

to see how this may be done.

## Notes about the HDF5 (MATLAB MAT-File Version 7.3) format#

In case of `PETSCVIEWERHDF5`

, a parallel HDF5 reader is used.
Each processor’s chunk is loaded independently by its owning rank.
Multiple objects, both matrices and vectors, can be stored within the same file.
They are looked up by their PetscObject name.

As the MATLAB MAT-File Version 7.3 format is also a HDF5 flavor, we decided to use by default the same structure and naming of the AIJ arrays and column count within the HDF5 file. This means that a MAT file saved with -v7.3 flag, e.g.

```
save example.mat A b -v7.3
```

can be directly read by this routine (see Reference 1 for details). Note that depending on your MATLAB version, this format might be a default, otherwise you can set it as default in Preferences.

Unless -nocompression flag is used to save the file in MATLAB, PETSc must be configured with ZLIB package.

See also examples src/mat/tutorials/ex10.c and src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex27.c

## Current HDF5 (MAT-File) limitations#

This reader currently supports only real `MATSEQAIJ`

, `MATMPIAIJ`

, `MATSEQDENSE`

and `MATMPIDENSE`

matrices.

Corresponding `MatView()`

is not yet implemented.

The loaded matrix is actually a transpose of the original one in MATLAB,
unless you push `PETSC_VIEWER_HDF5_MAT`

format (see examples above).
With this format, matrix is automatically transposed by PETSc,
unless the matrix is marked as SPD or symmetric
(see `MatSetOption()`

, `MAT_SPD`

, `MAT_SYMMETRIC`

).

## References#

**** -*** MATLAB(R) Documentation, manual page of save(), https://www.mathworks.com/help/matlab/ref/save.html#btox10b-1-version

## See Also#

`Mat`

, `PetscViewerBinaryOpen()`

, `PetscViewerSetType()`

, `MatView()`

, `VecLoad()`

## Level#

beginner

## Location#

## Examples#

src/vec/vec/tutorials/ex6.c.html

src/mat/tutorials/ex10.c.html

src/mat/tutorials/ex12.c.html

src/mat/tutorials/ex16.c.html

src/mat/tutorials/ex1.c.html

src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex10.c.html

src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex27.c.html

src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex41.c.html

src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex72.c.html

src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex75.c.html

src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex75f.F90.html

## Implementations#

MatLoad_MPIAIJ in src/mat/impls/aij/mpi/mpiaij.c

MatLoad_SeqAIJ in src/mat/impls/aij/seq/aij.c

MatLoad_MPIBAIJ in src/mat/impls/baij/mpi/mpibaij.c

MatLoad_SeqBAIJ in src/mat/impls/baij/seq/baij.c

MatLoad_BlockMat in src/mat/impls/blockmat/seq/blockmat.c

MatLoad_MPIDense in src/mat/impls/dense/mpi/mpidense.c

MatLoad_SeqDense in src/mat/impls/dense/seq/dense.c

MatLoad_Elemental in src/mat/impls/elemental/matelem.cxx

MatLoad_MPISBAIJ in src/mat/impls/sbaij/mpi/mpisbaij.c

MatLoad_SeqSBAIJ in src/mat/impls/sbaij/seq/sbaij.c

MatLoad_ScaLAPACK in src/mat/impls/scalapack/matscalapack.c

Index of all Mat routines

Table of Contents for all manual pages

Index of all manual pages