# MATSOLVERMUMPS#

A matrix type providing direct solvers (LU and Cholesky) for distributed and sequential matrices via the external package MUMPS https://mumps-solver.org/index.php?page=doc Works with `MATAIJ`

and `MATSBAIJ`

matrices

Use ./configure –download-mumps –download-scalapack –download-parmetis –download-metis –download-ptscotch to have PETSc installed with MUMPS

Use ./configure –with-openmp –download-hwloc (or –with-hwloc) to enable running MUMPS in MPI+OpenMP hybrid mode and non-MUMPS in flat-MPI mode. See details below.

Use `-pc_type cholesky`

or `lu`

`-pc_factor_mat_solver_type mumps`

to use this direct solver

## Options Database Keys#

ICNTL(1): output stream for error messages**-mat_mumps_icntl_1 -**ICNTL(2): output stream for diagnostic printing, statistics, and warning**-mat_mumps_icntl_2 -**ICNTL(3): output stream for global information, collected on the host**-mat_mumps_icntl_3 -**ICNTL(4): level of printing (0 to 4)**-mat_mumps_icntl_4 -**ICNTL(6): permutes to a zero-free diagonal and/or scale the matrix (0 to 7)**-mat_mumps_icntl_6 -**ICNTL(7): computes a symmetric permutation in sequential analysis, 0=AMD, 2=AMF, 3=Scotch, 4=PORD, 5=Metis, 6=QAMD, and 7=auto Use -pc_factor_mat_ordering_type**-mat_mumps_icntl_7 -**to have PETSc perform the ordering (sequential only) ICNTL(8): scaling strategy (-2 to 8 or 77)**-mat_mumps_icntl_8 -**ICNTL(10): max num of refinements**-mat_mumps_icntl_10 -**ICNTL(11): statistics related to an error analysis (via -ksp_view)**-mat_mumps_icntl_11 -**ICNTL(12): an ordering strategy for symmetric matrices (0 to 3)**-mat_mumps_icntl_12 -**ICNTL(13): parallelism of the root node (enable ScaLAPACK) and its splitting**-mat_mumps_icntl_13 -**ICNTL(14): percentage increase in the estimated working space**-mat_mumps_icntl_14 -**ICNTL(15): compression of the input matrix resulting from a block format**-mat_mumps_icntl_15 -**ICNTL(19): computes the Schur complement**-mat_mumps_icntl_19 -**ICNTL(20): give MUMPS centralized (0) or distributed (10) dense RHS**-mat_mumps_icntl_20 -**ICNTL(22): in-core/out-of-core factorization and solve (0 or 1)**-mat_mumps_icntl_22 -**ICNTL(23): max size of the working memory (MB) that can allocate per processor**-mat_mumps_icntl_23 -**ICNTL(24): detection of null pivot rows (0 or 1)**-mat_mumps_icntl_24 -**ICNTL(25): compute a solution of a deficient matrix and a null space basis**-mat_mumps_icntl_25 -**ICNTL(26): drives the solution phase if a Schur complement matrix**-mat_mumps_icntl_26 -**ICNTL(28): use 1 for sequential analysis and ICNTL(7) ordering, or 2 for parallel analysis and ICNTL(29) ordering**-mat_mumps_icntl_28 -**ICNTL(29): parallel ordering 1 = ptscotch, 2 = parmetis**-mat_mumps_icntl_29 -**ICNTL(30): compute user-specified set of entries in inv(A)**-mat_mumps_icntl_30 -**ICNTL(31): indicates which factors may be discarded during factorization**-mat_mumps_icntl_31 -**ICNTL(33): compute determinant**-mat_mumps_icntl_33 -**ICNTL(35): level of activation of BLR (Block Low-Rank) feature**-mat_mumps_icntl_35 -**ICNTL(36): controls the choice of BLR factorization variant**-mat_mumps_icntl_36 -**ICNTL(38): sets the estimated compression rate of LU factors with BLR**-mat_mumps_icntl_38 -**ICNTL(48): multithreading with tree parallelism**-mat_mumps_icntl_48 -**ICNTL(58): options for symbolic factorization**-mat_mumps_icntl_58 -**CNTL(1): relative pivoting threshold**-mat_mumps_cntl_1 -**CNTL(2): stopping criterion of refinement**-mat_mumps_cntl_2 -**CNTL(3): absolute pivoting threshold**-mat_mumps_cntl_3 -**CNTL(4): value for static pivoting**-mat_mumps_cntl_4 -**CNTL(5): fixation for null pivots**-mat_mumps_cntl_5 -**CNTL(7): precision of the dropping parameter used during BLR factorization**-mat_mumps_cntl_7 -**run MUMPS in MPI+OpenMP hybrid mode as if omp_set_num_threads(m) is called before calling MUMPS. Default might be the number of cores per CPU package (socket) as reported by hwloc and suggested by the MUMPS manual.**-mat_mumps_use_omp_threads [m] -**

## Notes#

MUMPS Cholesky does not handle (complex) Hermitian matrices (see User’s Guide at https://mumps-solver.org/index.php?page=doc) so using it will error if the matrix is Hermitian.

When used within a `KSP`

/`PC`

solve the options are prefixed with that of the `PC`

. Otherwise one can set the options prefix by calling
`MatSetOptionsPrefixFactor()`

on the matrix from which the factor was obtained or `MatSetOptionsPrefix()`

on the factor matrix.

When a MUMPS factorization fails inside a KSP solve, for example with a `KSP_DIVERGED_PC_FAILED`

, one can find the MUMPS information about
the failure with

```
KSPGetPC(ksp,&pc);
PCFactorGetMatrix(pc,&mat);
MatMumpsGetInfo(mat,....);
MatMumpsGetInfog(mat,....); etc.
```

Or run with `-ksp_error_if_not_converged`

and the program will be stopped and the information printed in the error message.

## MUMPS provides 64-bit integer support in two build modes#

full 64-bit: here MUMPS is built with C preprocessing flag -DINTSIZE64 and Fortran compiler option -i8, -fdefault-integer-8 or equivalent, and requires all dependent libraries MPI, ScaLAPACK, LAPACK and BLAS built the same way with 64-bit integers (for example ILP64 Intel MKL and MPI).

selective 64-bit: with the default MUMPS build, 64-bit integers have been introduced where needed. In compressed sparse row (CSR) storage of matrices, MUMPS stores column indices in 32-bit, but row offsets in 64-bit, so you can have a huge number of non-zeros, but must have less than 2^31 rows and columns. This can lead to significant memory and performance gains with respect to a full 64-bit integer MUMPS version. This requires a regular (32-bit integer) build of all dependent libraries MPI, ScaLAPACK, LAPACK and BLAS.

With –download-mumps=1, PETSc always build MUMPS in selective 64-bit mode, which can be used by both –with-64-bit-indices=0/1 variants of PETSc.

Two modes to run MUMPS/PETSc with OpenMP

```
Set OMP_NUM_THREADS and run with fewer MPI ranks than cores. For example, if you want to have 16 OpenMP
threads per rank, then you may use "export OMP_NUM_THREADS=16 && mpirun -n 4 ./test".
```

```
-mat_mumps_use_omp_threads [m] and run your code with as many MPI ranks as the number of cores. For example,
if a compute node has 32 cores and you run on two nodes, you may use "mpirun -n 64 ./test -mat_mumps_use_omp_threads 16"
```

To run MUMPS in MPI+OpenMP hybrid mode (i.e., enable multithreading in MUMPS), but still run the non-MUMPS part
(i.e., PETSc part) of your code in the so-called flat-MPI (aka pure-MPI) mode, you need to configure PETSc with `--with-openmp`

`--download-hwloc`

(or `--with-hwloc`

), and have an MPI that supports MPI-3.0’s process shared memory (which is usually available). Since MUMPS calls BLAS
libraries, to really get performance, you should have multithreaded BLAS libraries such as Intel MKL, AMD ACML, Cray libSci or OpenBLAS
(PETSc will automatically try to utilized a threaded BLAS if –with-openmp is provided).

If you run your code through a job submission system, there are caveats in MPI rank mapping. We use MPI_Comm_split_type() to obtain MPI processes on each compute node. Listing the processes in rank ascending order, we split processes on a node into consecutive groups of size m and create a communicator called omp_comm for each group. Rank 0 in an omp_comm is called the master rank, and others in the omp_comm are called slave ranks (or slaves). Only master ranks are seen to MUMPS and slaves are not. We will free CPUs assigned to slaves (might be set by CPU binding policies in job scripts) and make the CPUs available to the master so that OMP threads spawned by MUMPS can run on the CPUs. In a multi-socket compute node, MPI rank mapping is an issue. Still use the above example and suppose your compute node has two sockets, if you interleave MPI ranks on the two sockets, in other words, even ranks are placed on socket 0, and odd ranks are on socket 1, and bind MPI ranks to cores, then with -mat_mumps_use_omp_threads 16, a master rank (and threads it spawns) will use half cores in socket 0, and half cores in socket 1, that definitely hurts locality. On the other hand, if you map MPI ranks consecutively on the two sockets, then the problem will not happen. Therefore, when you use -mat_mumps_use_omp_threads, you need to keep an eye on your MPI rank mapping and CPU binding. For example, with the Slurm job scheduler, one can use srun –cpu-bind=verbose -m block:block to map consecutive MPI ranks to sockets and examine the mapping result.

PETSc does not control thread binding in MUMPS. So to get best performance, one still has to set `OMP_PROC_BIND`

and `OMP_PLACES`

in job scripts,
for example, export `OMP_PLACES`

=threads and export `OMP_PROC_BIND`

=spread. One does not need to export `OMP_NUM_THREADS`

=m in job scripts as PETSc
calls `omp_set_num_threads`

(m) internally before calling MUMPS.

See [HBW11] and [GutierrezDA+17]

## References#

Samuel K Gutiérrez, Kei Davis, Dorian C Arnold, Randal S Baker, Robert W Robey, Patrick McCormick, Daniel Holladay, Jon A Dahl, R Joe Zerr, Florian Weik, and others. Accommodating thread-level heterogeneity in coupled parallel applications. In *2017 IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium (IPDPS)*, 469–478. IEEE, 2017.

Michael A Heroux, R Brightwell, and Michael M Wolf. Bi-modal mpi and mpi+ threads computing on scalable multicore systems. *IJHPCA (Submitted)*, 2011.

## See Also#

Matrices, `Mat`

, `PCFactorSetMatSolverType()`

, `MatSolverType`

, `MatMumpsSetIcntl()`

, `MatMumpsGetIcntl()`

, `MatMumpsSetCntl()`

, `MatMumpsGetCntl()`

, `MatMumpsGetInfo()`

, `MatMumpsGetInfog()`

, `MatMumpsGetRinfo()`

, `MatMumpsGetRinfog()`

, `KSPGetPC()`

, `PCFactorGetMatrix()`

## Level#

beginner

## Location#

## Examples#

src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex52.c

src/tao/constrained/tutorials/ex1.c

src/ksp/ksp/tutorials/ex53.c

src/dm/impls/stag/tutorials/ex4.c

Index of all Mat routines

Table of Contents for all manual pages

Index of all manual pages